Nicole Darnall

Nicole Darnall
Senior Sustainability Scholar, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
Professor, School of Sustainability
Professor, School of Public Affairs, College of Public Service & Community Solutions

School of Public Affairs
Arizona State University
PO Box 873720
Tempe, AZ 85287-3720

Nicole Darnall is Professor of Management and Public Policy in both the School of Public Affairs and the School of Sustainability at Arizona State University, and Associate Director of the Center for Organizational Research and Design. Her research investigates non-regulatory governance as it relates to global sustainability. Operating at this nexus of the policy and management sciences, she considers a variety of non-regulatory governance approaches (e.g., voluntary programs, strategic alliances, certification, and information-based initiatives) to determine whether the absence of state coercion, combined with appropriate incentives, can encourage organizations and individuals to behave more sustainably.

Professor Darnall has served as Collaborative Visiting Fellow with the Economic and Social Research Council and the Social Science Research Council, an Erasmus Mundus International Scholar, and an International Fellow with the Spanish Ministry of Education. She has received the Academy of Management, Organizations and Natural Environment Division's Emerging Scholar Award for research excellence.

Professor Darnall has served as Associate Editor of Business & Society and Organization and Environment and Editorial Review Board Member of both Cambridge University Press and Business Strategy and the Environment. Among other journals, her research has appeared in Strategic Management Journal; Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory: Public Administration Review; Journal of Management Sciences; Journal of Environmental Economics and Management; Policy Studies Journal; Policy Sciences; Business Strategy and the Environment; Long Range Planning; Business & Society; Accounting, Organizations & Society; Journal of Business Ethics; Organization & Environment; Case Research Journal.

Her research has received support from the National Science Foundation, the European Commission, the Economic and Social Research Council (U.K.), the Social Science Research Council (U.K.), the Commission for Environmental Cooperation of North America, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (France).

Before joining Arizona State University, Professor Darnall was Associate Professor at George Mason University, and Assistant Professor at North Carolina State University. Prior to her academic career, she worked at Resources for the Future and was an economist for the U.S. Forest Service.

To download Professor Darnall's publications, visit:

PhD, Public Policy Analysis, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, 2002

MS, Policy Development and Program Evaluation, Vanderbilt University, 1998

MA, Economics, University of Texas-Arlington, 1995

BA, Economics, Psychology, New Mexico State University, 1991

Journal Articles

In Press

Ferron Vilchez, V. and N. Darnall. Two better than one: The link between management systems and business performance. Business Strategy and the Environment DOI: 10.1002/bse.1864. (link)

Kim, Y. and N. Darnall. Business as a collaborative policy partner: understanding firms’ socio political support for mandatory regulation. Public Administration Review


Barnett, M. L., N. Darnall and B. W. Husted. 2015. Sustainability strategy in constrained economic times. Long Range Planning 48(2):63-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.lrp.2014.07.001. (link)

Lin, H. and N. Darnall. 2015. Strategic alliance formation and structural configuration. Journal of Business Ethics 127(3):549-564. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-014-2053-7. (link)


Darnall, N. and J. A. Aragon-Correa. 2014. Can ecolabels influence firms' sustainability strategy and stakeholder behavior?. Organization & Environment 27(4):319-327. DOI: 10.1177/1086026614562963. (link)

Darnall, N. and M. B. Milstein. 2014. Damaí Lovina Villas: Can eco-standards and certification create competitive advantage for a luxury resort?. Case Research Journal 34(3):1-20. (link)


Kurapatskie, B. and N. Darnall. 2013. Which corporate sustainability activities are associated with greater financial payoffs?. Business Strategy and the Environment 22(1):49-61. DOI: 10.1002/bse.1735.DOI: 10.1002/bse.1735. (link)


Darnall, N. and W. Kim. 2012. Which types of environmental management systems are related to greater environmental improvements?. Public Adminstration Review 72(3):351-365. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2011.02503.x. (link)


Arimura, T., N. Darnall and H. Katayama. 2011. Is ISO 14001 a gateway to more advanced environmental actions? The case for green supply chain management. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 61(2):170-182.

Puente, M., N. Darnall and R. Forkner. 2011. Assessing growers' integrated pest management adoption: Measurement problems and policy implications. Environmental Management 48(5):1013-1023.


Darnall, N., I. Henriques and P. Sadorsky. 2010. Adopting proactive environmental practices: The influence of stakeholders and firm size. Journal of Management Studies 47(6):1072-1094.

Darnall, N., M. Potoski and A. Prakash. 2010. Sponsorship matters: Assessing business participation in government- and industry-sponsored voluntary environmental programs. Journal of Public Adminstration Research and Theory 20(2):283-307.

Edwards Jr, D. and N. Darnall. 2010. Averting environmental justice claims? The role of environmental management systems. Public Adminstration Review 70(3):422-433. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2010.02156.x. (link)


Darnall, N. 2009. Regulatory stringency, green production offsets, and organizations' financial performance. Public Adminstration Review 69(3):418-434. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2009.01989.x. (link)

Darnall, N., I. Seol and J. Sarkis. 2009. Perceived stakeholder influences and organizations' use of environmental audits. Accounting, Organizations and Society 34(2):170-187. (link)


Darnall, N. 2008. Addressing global environmental challenges: Using information as a novel "local" policy approach. Global Studies Review 4(3):1-3.

Darnall, N. 2008. Creating a green brand for competitive distinction. Asian Business and Management 7(4):445-466.

Darnall, N. 2008. What the federal government can do to encourage green production. The Business of Government Fall/Winter:86-89.

Darnall, N., I. Henriques and P. Sadorsky. 2008. Do environmental management systems improve business performance in an international setting?. Journal of International Management 14(4):364-376.

Darnall, N., G. J. Jolley and R. Handfield. 2008. Environmental management systems and green supply chain management: Complements for sustainability?. Business Strategy and the Environment 17(1):30-45. (link)

Darnall, N. and S. Sides. 2008. Assessing the performance of voluntary environmental programs: Does certification matter?. Policy Studies Journal 36(1):95-117.


Darnall, N. 2006. Why firms mandate ISO 14001 certification. Business and Society 45(3):354-381.

Darnall, N. and D. Edwards Jr. 2006. Predicting the cost of environmental management system adoption: The role of capabilities, resources and ownership structure. Strategic Management Journal 27(4):301-320.


Darnall, N. and J. Carmin. 2005. Greener and cleaner? The signaling accuracy of U.S. voluntary environmental programs. Policy Sciences 38(2-3):71-90.


Darnall, N. and G. J. Jolley. 2004. Involving the public: When are surveys and stakeholder interviews most effective?. Review of Policy Research 21(4):581-594.


Carmin, J., N. Darnall and J. Mil-Homens. 2003. Stakeholder involvement in the design of U.S. voluntary environmental programs: Does sponsorship matter?. Policy Studies Journal 41(4):527-543.


Darnall, N., D. R. Gallagher, R. N. Andrews and D. Amaral. 2000. Environmental management systems: Opportunities for improved environmental and business strategy. Environmental Quality Management 9(3):1-9.


Davies, S., J. Mazurek, K. McCarthy and N. Darnall. 1997. Voluntary incentives are no shortcut to pollution abatement. Resources 126:18.


Davies, S. and N. Darnall. 1996. Getting the city on the hill to shine. Resources 125:10-13.


Darnall, N., G. I. Nehman, J. W. Priest and J. Sarkis. 1994. A review of environmentally conscious manufacturing theory and practices. International Journal of Environmentally Conscious Design and Manufacturing 3(4):49-57.

Book Chapters


Darnall, N., C. Ponting and D. Vazquez-Brust. 2012. Why consumers buy green. Pp. 287-308 In: Vazquez-Brust, D. and J. Sarkis eds., Green-Growth: Managing the Transition to Sustainable Capitalism. Springer.

Darnall, N. and S. Sides. 2012. Assessing the performance of voluntary environmental programs: Does certification matter?. In: Georg, S. and A. J. Hoffman eds., Business and the Natural Environment. Routledge.


Lin, H. and N. Darnall. 2010. Strategic alliances for environmental protection. Pp. 233-246 In: Sarkis, J., J. Cordeiro and D. Vazquez-Brust eds., Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multistakeholder Perspective. Springer.


Darnall, N. and S. Sides. 2009. Do voluntary environmental programs improve performance?. Pp. 213-238 In: deLeon, P. and J. Rivera eds., Voluntary Environmental Programs: A Policy Perspective. Lexington Books.


Darnall, N., G. J. Jolley and B. Ytterhus. 2007. Understanding the relationship between a facility's environmental and financial performance. Pp. 213-259 In: Johnstone, N. ed., Environmental Policy and Corporate Behavior. Edward Elgar Pubilshing, in association with Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development.


Darnall, N., I. Henriques and P. Sadorsky. 2005. An international comparison of the factors affecting environmental strategy and performance. Pp. B1-B6 In: Rowan, M. ed., Best Paper Proceedings: Sixty-Third Meeting of the Academy of Management. Academy of Management.


Darnall, N. 2003. Motivations for participating in a voluntary environmental initiative: The Mulit-state Working Group and EPA's EMS pilot program. Pp. 123-154 In: Sharma, S. and M. Starik eds., Research in Corporate Sustainability. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Darnall, N. 2003. Why firms certify to ISO 14001: An institutional and resource-based view. Pp. A1-A6 In: Nagao, D. ed., Best Paker Proceedings: Sixty First Meeting of the Academy of Management. Academy of Management.


Andrews, R. N., N. Darnall, D. R. Gallagher, S. T. Keiner, J. Feldman, M. Mitchell, D. Amaral and J. Jacoby. 2001. Environmental management systems: History, theory and implementation research. Pp. 31-62 In: Coglianese, C. and J. Nash eds., Regulation from the Inside: Can Environmental Management Systems Achieve Policy Goals?. Resources for the Future.

Darnall, N., D. R. Gallagher and R. N. Andrews. 2001. ISO 14001: Greening management systems. Pp. 178-190 In: Sarkis, J. ed., Greener Manufacturing and Operations. Greenleaf Publishing.